Utilization of glycemic index values of commonly consumed foods in the provision of nutrition care to patients with diabetes: a case study at Bungoma county referral Hospital

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Maureen Gacheri Nyongesa
Rabin Denis Barasa
Alex Kiptoo
Darius Riziki Martin


The estimated prevalence of diabetes in Kenya is around 2.2%. There is a lack of awareness on diabetes in Kenya, leading to delayed diagnosis and management. This lack of awareness hinders early intervention and control of the disease. The adoption of a more Westernized diet, which is often high in processed foods and low in nutritional value, coupled with a decrease in physical activity, has contributed to the rise in diabetes cases. Access to affordable medications, regular blood glucose testing, and specialized diabetes care can be challenging for many Kenyans. This can lead to inadequate glycemic control and increased risk of complications. Knowledge of the glycemic index is therefore key in managing the conditions; therefore, we explore how well healthcare providers understand and apply GI values of widely consumed foods together with the patients. Data was collected and analyzed using a descriptive cross-sectional study design, involving both care providers and patients. Most care providers had knowledge of GI but only 3/4 reported utilizing its utilization. Patients, therefore, had issues because of ignorance and consumed food with high GI. Healthcare providers should be better equipped and acquainted with the G.I concept to provide the right information to patients and follow up in management.


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Nyongesa, M. G., Denis Barasa, R., Kiptoo, A., & Martin, D. R. (2023). Utilization of glycemic index values of commonly consumed foods in the provision of nutrition care to patients with diabetes: a case study at Bungoma county referral Hospital. PAN AFRICA SCIENCE JOURNAL, 3(02). https://doi.org/10.47787/pasj.v3i02.24
Public Health
Author Biographies

Maureen Gacheri Nyongesa, Medical Unit Department, Nakuru Level 6 Hospital, , P.O. Box 71-20100

Licensed Nutritionist and Dietitian

Rabin Denis Barasa, Intensive Care Unit, Nairobi Hospital, , P.O. Box 1413 00606, Nairobi Kenya

Dr. Denis Rabin Barasa.

Medical department, Lifestyle diseases unit

Alex Kiptoo, Medical unit department Nakuru level 6 hospital 71-20100

A Registered Nurse.

Medical unit in Lifestyle diseases

Darius Riziki Martin, South African Medical Research Council Bioinformatics Unit, South African National Bioinformatics Institute, University of the Western Cape, Private Bag X17, Bellville 7535, South Africa

Research Biotechnoogist


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